A "citation" identifies where a reader can locate a source being referenced by an author's work.
The source (book, journal article, government report, federal law, court decision, etc.) is provided in abbreviated format, following specific style guidelines.
Examples of citation style manuals include:
Law journal article citations can be confusing if you aren't familiar with citation formats and abbreviations.
Example: Law Journal Citation (Bluebook format):
Dawinder S. Sidhu, Madison in Post-9/11 Cyberspace: Applying Federalist No. 10 to the Online Battle for "Hearts and Minds," 13 J. Internet L. 3 (2010).
Nuclear power, risk, and retroactivity.
Emily Hammond. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law.
48.4 (Oct. 2015) p1059.