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What is a Citation?

A "citation" identifies where a reader can locate a source being referenced by an author's work. 

The source (book, journal article, government report, federal law, court decision, etc.) is provided in abbreviated format, following specific style guidelines.

Examples of citation style manuals include:

About Journal Article Citations

Law journal article citations can be confusing if you aren't familiar with citation formats and abbreviations.


Law Review/Journal Citation (Bluebook format):

Dawinder S. Sidhu, Madison in Post-9/11 Cyberspace: Applying Federalist No. 10 to the Online Battle for "Hearts and Minds," 13 J. Internet L. 3  (2010)

Article Author = Dawinder S. Sidhu
Article Title = Madison in Post-9/11 Cyberspace: Applying Federalist No. 10 to the Online Battle for "Hearts and Minds"
Volume number of the journal = 13
Bluebook abbreviation for "Journal of Internet Law" = J. Internet L.
First page of the article = 3
Year of the journal issue = 2010



Journal article citation from the LegalTrac database (not Bluebook format):

Nuclear power, risk, and retroactivity.
Emily Hammond. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law.
48.4 (Oct. 2015) p1059.

Article Title = Nuclear power, risk, and retroactivity
Article Author = Emily Hammond
Journal = Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law
Volume number of Journal = 48
Issue number of Journal = 4
Journal Issue Month & Year = (Oct. 2015)
First page of the Article = p1059

HeinOnline's Bluebook Citation Tools

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