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Maryland State Seal

The reverse of the Great Seal of Maryland consists of an escutcheon, or shield, bearing the Calvert and Crossland arms quartered. Above is an earl's coronet and a full-faced helmet. The escutcheon is supported on one side by a farmer and on the other by a fisherman. It symbolizes Lord Baltimore's two estates: Maryland, and Avalon in Newfoundland.

The reverse of the Great Seal of Maryland consists of an escutcheon, or shield, bearing the Calvert and Crossland arms quartered. Above is an earl's coronet and a full-faced helmet. The escutcheon is supported on one side by a farmer and on the other by a fisherman. It symbolizes Lord Baltimore's two estates: Maryland, and Avalon in Newfoundland. 

Source: Maryland at a Glance: State Symbols: Great Seal of Maryland

Introduction

Maryland is one of the original 13 colonies. Cecil Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore, founded Maryland in 1632. Cecil's father, George Calvert, had received a royal charter for the land from King Charles I. The new colony was named after Henrietta Maria, the wife of the king.

On April 28, 1788, Maryland officially became a state in the Union by ratifying the Constitution of the United States.

Source: Maryland at a Glance: Historical Chronology

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Maryland State Flag

Maryland flag displays the arms of George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore. The alternating yellow and black are from Lord Calvert's family shield.

Maryland Facts at a Glance

  • Date of Statehood: April 28, 1788
     
  • Capital: Annapolis
     
  • Size: 12,407 square miles (Land and water)
     
  • Nickname(s): Old Line State; Free State; Cockade State; Oyster State; Monumental State
     
  • Motto: Fatti Maschii Parole Femine (“Strong Deeds, Gentle Words”)
     
  • State Tree: White Oak
     
  • State Bird: Baltimore Oriole

Source: Almanac of Maryland